Errors with hydration, diet and physical activity pose a risk to the kidneys in the midst of the fifth wave of Covid in Spain.
Bring an inadequate and unhealthy diet, the abuse of sugary drinks, not hydrating properly in high temperatures, and confusing rest with inactivity, are some of the great dangers for the kidney during the summer and on vacation, as highlighted by the Spanish Society of Nephrology (SEN).
The scientific society offers these tips as part of the ‘#CodigoRiñón’ initiative, a program that precisely seeks to make society aware of the importance of taking care of the kidneys for their health and quality of life, as the best preventive tool for kidney diseases from childhood.
The ultimate goal of this type of action is to promote prevention in kidney health and in health in general, and do it from the earliest ages, changing unhealthy lifestyle habits for a healthier life, so that people’s problems and needs can be anticipated and contribute to improving their quality of life and well-being.
In addition, in the face of the COVID-19 scenario, nephrologists have highlighted the importance of vaccination and to follow the recommendations and hygiene and safety measures of the health authorities to prevent and avoid possible new infections of the virus, since the kidney is one of the organs that has been most affected by the new disease.
In fact, a large part of the infected patients have had a “significant deterioration” of their renal function, causing acute kidney failure, and therefore, the need for the patient to undergo dialysis or transplant replacement therapy to be able to do the job your kidneys do.
In addition, patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis and kidney transplants have been one of the groups to whom the virus infection is affecting with higher rates of contagion and mortality than the general population.
In fact, mortality from Covid-19 in kidney patients is 3 to 4 times higher compared to the general population, and 1.5-2 times higher compared to other risk groups. In addition, patients in a hospital dialysis program or in a dialysis center have a higher risk of contagion since they need to go a minimum of three times a week for hemodialysis sessions, also traveling to the sessions on most occasions. through community transport.
In Spain, the infection rate of patients in Renal Replacement Treatment (that is, on dialysis or with a kidney transplant) has reached a rate of 5 percent (higher than the general population), and a mortality rate of more than 25 percent of all infected RRT patients, which, in the case of hemodialysis patients, the most affected, rises even more to 30 percent, according to data compiled in the SEN’s ‘COVID-19 Registry’.
“We cannot lower our guard at this time when there is an uptick in COVID-19 outbreaks, and therefore, in addition to vaccination, We must continue to carry out the most effective measures to prevent our health in general, and our kidney health in particular, from being affected, such as the use of masks, hand hygiene, safety distance, etc. If we continue to carry out these measures, we will be protecting our kidneys”, said the president of the SEN, Patricia de Sequera.
As kidney function declines, the risk of developing vascular damage and disease increases, to the point that the most frequent cause of mortality in kidney patients is cardiovascular problems. Similarly, the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and the development of vascular damage is also a serious problem, tripling the risk of kidney disease.
The bad eating habits such as high salt intake are harmful to the heart and kidneys, and in general, many of the recommendations for the health of both organs are similar, so it can be said that what is bad for the heart is also bad for the kidney and vice versa.
That is why nephrologists suggest take advantage of rest and the greater availability of time precisely to better plan meals, eat a healthier diet low in salt, fewer additives rich in phosphate, and do much more exercise, which results in the benefit of our health and well-being and the prevention of pathologies related to the kidney and the heart.