These Are The 5 Essential Foods According To The Who:
Nutrition

These are the 5 essential foods according to the WHO: why you have to eat them more

The World Health Organization asks that they become cheaper so that they reach all homes instead of the ultra-processed ones.

The Executive Director of UNICEF, Henrietta Fore, and the Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, have requested, ahead of the UN Food Systems Pre-Summit, reduce the price of eggs, dairy, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and increase the price of unhealthy foods.

“This meeting is an opportunity to set the agenda for how we will boldly and collectively strengthen food systems, we will promote healthy diets and improve nutrition, especially for children and young people,” experts have said.

Even before the pandemic, children bore the brunt of broken food systems and poor diets, leading to an “alarming” health and nutrition crisis around the world and a triple burden of malnutrition: undernutrition, in the form of stunting and wasting, widespread micronutrient deficiencies, and an increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity.

Worldwide, one in three children does not grow well due to malnutrition, one of the main causes of child mortality worldwide, while two out of three do not have access to the minimum diverse diets they need to grow, develop and learn. “We keep seeing stubbornly high rates of wasting and a worrying rise in overweight and obesity among young children”, Fore and Tedros have warned.

In recent decades, changes in global food systems, including the practices used to grow, distribute, trade, consume and dispose of food, mean that the most nutritious and safest foods are “too expensive or inaccessible” for millions of families.

For, as experts have pointed out, many are increasingly turning to processed foods that are affordable, widely available and aggressively marketed, but are often high in unhealthy sugar, fat, and salt.

“A toxic combination of growing poverty, inequality, conflict, climate change and COVID-19 is further threatening food systems and the nutritional well-being of children, especially those from the poorest and most vulnerable communities and households”, Fore and Tedros insisted.

For all these reasons, they have asked countries to improve the nutritional quality of food through mandatory fortification of staple foods with essential micronutrients, reduction of sodium and sugar, and elimination of trans fats industrially produced in processed foods.

In addition, they have advocated using public food procurement as a lever to promote healthy diets and drive sustainable food systems, for example through schools, workplaces, hospitals and social protection programs; Y protect children from the harmful effects of marketing unhealthy foods and beverages through strengthened regulatory measures and better enforcement.

That said, Fore and Tedros have urged countries to protect and support mothers and caregivers to optimally breastfeed their babies, including maternal protection and parental leave, and the implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes.

Other proposals include implementing easy-to-understand, mandatory nutrition labeling policies and practices to help children and families make healthier choices with the right information; support healthy eating and dietary practices through food, health, education and social protection systems with communication strategies easy to understand, coherent and memorable.